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南溪古寨:隐藏大山深处的古村落

阅读次数: 信息来源:安徽画报 发布时间: 2021-04-16 10:34
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在皖南池州东至县的深山峡谷之中,静卧着一座千年古寨——南溪古寨。

In a valley of Dongzhi county, Chizhou city, southern Anhui lies Nanxi Ancient Village—a village with a history of more than a thousand years.

瞰南溪古寨

A bird's-eye view of Nanxi Ancient Village


远望山峦屹立、雾气升腾,九条山脉俯身而下,南溪古寨就隐蔽在山脉腹地之中。村口古树旁的一座单孔石拱古桥诉说着这个千年古寨的历史,这样的古桥村里还有两座,叫做“进村三把锁”。古寨沿溪而建,水道呈S形走向,绕过99弄,跨过88沟,寨内宛如一个天然八卦迷宫。山、水、村的绝妙结合,称为“三奇”。

烟云锁南溪

The misty Nanxi Ancient Village


这个又名金家村的小小村落,隐蔽在山脉腹地。青砖黛瓦马头墙,看起来和皖南的任何一座村落并无二致。而村子里珍藏的金氏族谱中的记载,其为匈奴最大部落休屠王之子日磾的后人。唐朝末年,金氏祖先金侨公为避黄巢战乱,从徽州黄灯迁到此地定居。因此,被誉为“隐居在大山里的匈奴部落”居住地。塞上的马背文化和江南的农耕文明,在这里悄然碰撞融合。

Also called Jins village, it is known as the settlement of “a Huns tribe living a secluded life in mountains”, because according to the pedigree records well-preserved in the village, most dwellers here are descendants of Jin Midi, a prince of the biggest Huns tribe. During the late Tang dynasty, the Jins fled from the insurrection in Huizhou area to this hinterland surrounded by mountains. With a millennium passing by, the then shelter has already turned into a village in typical southern Anhui style, where livid bricks, greenish-black tiles, and horse-head-shaped walls can be seen everywhere.

匈奴舞

Yanyun suonanxi


99条巷弄,全是曲径通幽的石板小道,房屋依山而建,绕着小溪有序地排列着,溪水就从房檐屋脚下流淌。住在这里的金氏族人和皖南土生土长的居民已日趋相同。养猪、种菜,也已是他们的日常。我们只能在留存于建筑和石刻上的骑射图案中找寻着历史的痕迹。

The oldest buildings in the village are the Jins’ Ancestral Hall and the Huns’ Castle. Built in 1583, the Jins’ Ancestral Hall is the only existing ancestral hall in the village. The plinths with patterns of sky and clouds and bow-shaped camber beams in the hall all symbolize the Huns’ culture. The Huns’ Castle, founded in the Yuan dynasty to defend against attacks, is the highest building in the village. Unlike common buildings which stand straight up on the ground, it leans at a 60 degree angle like an arrow about to be shot to the northwest—the direction of their ancestors’ hometown.

Waiting


金家村里最古老的两处建筑,是金氏祠堂和匈奴城堡。金氏宗祠始建于1583年,是南溪古寨现在尚存的唯一一座祠堂。堂内柱础上青天白云的图案和弓箭模样的弯梁还保留着匈奴的特征。匈奴城堡建于元代,是整个古寨的最高处,当时用来防御外敌。这座碉堡墙壁之间的夹角并不是直角,它呈60度,像一支呼之欲出的箭。而箭之所指正是西北方,代表了金氏后人对先祖的思念。

传承与新生,在南溪古寨,可感受中华文明生生不息的力量。

In Nanxi Ancient Village, a land of inheritance and rejuvenation, the Chinese civilization is bursting with everlasting vitality.

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